Some know facts about the African viviparous toads
- They are of the Nectophrynoides genus.
- One of 15 amphibian species in Tanzania.
- Little is known about their breeding behavior.
- They are the only "toads" in the world that do not lay eggs.
- They are very small in size and some only grow as large as a small coin.
- They are one of the very few species of frogs that gives birth to live young.
- They prefer the moist rainy remote valley environments of the highlands and mountains of Tanzania.
- Their skin color varies from dark brown to bright orange, yellow or green depending on the type of species.
- During the day the toads seem to prefer to sit on leaves and at night they hide on the ground under fallen trees and coarse wood debris.
Seven species of African viviparious toad listed as endangered are:
- Nectophrynoides asperginis or the Kihansi Spray Toad, found in the Udzungwa Mountains
- Nectophrynoides cryptus or the Secret Tree Toad, found in the Uluguru Mountains.
- Nectophrynoides minutus or the Minute Tree Toad, found in the Uluguru Mountains.
- Nectophrynoides poyntoni, found in the Udzungwa Mountains.
- Nectophrynoides tornieri Tornier's Tree Toad (also known as the Usambara Viviparous Toad), found in the forests of East Usambaras through to the Udzungwas.
- Nectophrynoides viviparous or the Morogoro Tree Toad, found in the mountains of central to southwestern Tanzania.
- Nectophrynoides wendyae or the Uzungwe Scarp Tree Toad, found in the Udzungwa Mountains.
I am proud to be Tanzanian, a country that is full of amazing creatures and natural resources. We are yet to find and agree on common ways of sharing these abundant riches.
Credits: Earth'sEndangered.com, BBC.co.uk and Frontier.co.uk and AfricaraInForest.org